Aesthetic Medicine 101: The 6R's of Aesthetics

This is part of our Aesthetics 101 series. The American Association of Aesthetic Medicine and Surgery program revolves around the principle known as the 4R's of Aesthetics. Here, we would like to cover a slightly broader principle known as the 6R's of Aesthetics.

If you try every anti-aging product and procedure you read about online or in a magazine, you would have very fast run out of money. How do you decide on the best options for your needs?

In order to declutter your aesthetic lifestyle, you could consider the 6R's of aesthetics principle in order to categorise your decision making in terms of aesthetic related products and services.

The 6R's treatments as per the name implies, can be broken down into six main categories.


Many of the wrinkles on your face are what doctors refer to as dynamic wrinkles. Dynamic wrinkles are caused when the muscles of your face are active. For example, when you squint, the action in the muscles around your eyes cause crow’…

Aesthetic Medicine 101: Introduction to Aesthetic Pharmacology

This is part of our Aesthetics 101 series.

Human Pharmacology for Aesthetics Pharmacology is a science subject that deals with the origin, nature, chemistry, uses, and effects of drugs and medication.  However, in order to understand pharmacology better, it would be useful to know the basics of biochemistry and physiology. Pharmacology is a broad topic covering all areas including 'what the body does to every drug' and 'what every drug does to the body'. 
Stop! Did you digest that, or were you pondering what that is all about! Well, let's take you further… 

Why is it important to learn about pharmacology? 
Drugs are powerful tools for all medical doctors. Without drugs, you will probably be screaming even during a minor surgery, what more if it is a major one! Imagine, if there is a world without drugs, you'd probably be listening to a wailing world! 
Knowing 'what drug to use', 'when to use' and 'how much to use' is naturally very important to…

Aesthetic Medicine 101: Introduction to Aesthetic Microbiology

This is part of our Aesthetics 101 series.

Human Microbiology for Aesthetics
This is an important topic for the public to understand. If you are educated from the science stream or a life science background, you might understand what microbiology is all about. If you are not from the science stream, no worries. This is the internet era. It's not too late to learn. Microbiology refers to the study of organisms that are too tiny to be seen by the naked eye. Medical microbiology thus refers to the study of these organisms in relation to humans.  Once upon a time, before the microscope was invented, mankind was not able to see or to understand the existence of these organisms. With the invention of the microscope, the eye was able to sight the innumerable microorganisms and thus man was able to study them.

A microbiologist (a graduate with a degree in microbiology) is one who specializes in microbiological science. A medical doctor usually consults the microbiologist in making treatment-re…

Aesthetic Medicine 101: Introduction to Aesthetic Pathology

This is part of our Aesthetics 101 series.

Human Pathology for Aesthetics What does it mean?

Pathology is the study and analysis of 'diseases'. In layman's terms, these are ailments or health problems. Medically, disease refers to the alteration of 'structure' (anatomy) or/and function (physiology) of the human body. Now you understand why you need to understand anatomy and physiology. It is like a combination of changes in the human body caused by specific factors. This could simply mean an abnormal change e.g. growth or an abnormal function e.g. high blood pressure. The correlation of these is considered pathological and pathology is the study of these changes. There's more to pathology than this. Check out the following! Histo-pathology refers to changes seen under the microscope.Cytology refers to the study of individual cells in order to determine the abnormality.A disease is not just any disease. Look around you, read the papers. You may observe that there can…

Aesthetic Medicine 101: Introduction to Aesthetic Physiology

This is part of our Aesthetics 101 series.

Human Physiology for Aesthetics
Why do we need to know human physiology?
"Physiology' is the study of the 'functions' of the human body. For easier comprehension, the body is usually categorized using the 'systems' approach again (as in part 1 of our aesthetics 101 series):
Integumentary System (The integumentary system includes hair, scales, feathers, hooves, and nails.)cardiovascular systemgastrointestinal systemnervous systemrespiratory systemendocrine systemurino-genital systemmusculo-skeletal systemhematological system
You had an overview of what the 'skin' is in part 1, now you will need to know the functions (why, when and how) of the skin. Why is it important? You need to know what is normal before you know what is abnormal. What is the normal PH of the skin? Why are there pigments in the skin and what are their functions? What is the sebaceous gland and it's function?  Physiology is also an important basi…

Aesthetics 101: Introduction to Aesthetic Anatomy

This is part of our Aesthetics 101 series.

Introduction to Human Anatomy related to Aesthetics

'Human Anatomy' is a one semester subject in medical school but we are not going to dive into irrelevant technicalities. 
For a more comprehensive TLDR review on this subject matter, feel free to check out the human body from Wikipedia.

"Human Anatomy" refers to the study of the human structure. Knowing the physical structure of the human body inside out is essential, especially for a plastic surgeon.

In order to know 'where' to cut, how deep to cut and 'what' not to cut, the plastic surgeon has to know not only the external structure but also the internal structure and most importantly the relationship of one part to another. That's not easy, if you know what I mean. One needs to know as well, the meaning of specific terms. Such understanding is essential before we move on to other topics later.

Let us begin with the most basic structure of the body, the '…

Miradry Treatment for Hyperhidrosis in Malaysia 2019

What is meant by Excessive Sweating?

Excessive sweating, or hyperhidrosis, is a condition where patients sweat profusely for no reason. Patients either sweat excessively in their hands, underarms, forehead, feet or, in extreme cases, all over their body.

How is Excessive Sweating treated?

Excessive sweating is treated by oral medications, electromagnetic impulses, neuro-muscular relaxant injections, laser assisted treatments and by surgical procedures, including liposuction and endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) surgery, Robinol (a brand of glycopyrrolate), armpit Botox and Miradry.

Miradry is a technology developed by MiraSmooth, uses microwave energy, instead of the typical lasers involved in hair removal procedures, because it is colour blind. That means that unlike lasers the microwaves can be used on all skin colours.

The process takes about 60 minutes, and requires no surgical incisions or cuts. Temporary black lines and markings are used on the armpit to help guide the trea…